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Scrum Scale vs LeSS vs Spotify

The brand new updates to SAFe® are a big step in the fitting path, as organizations look to advertise agility throughout the size and breadth of their enterprise. With their newest model, Scaled Agile Inc. has emphasised customer-centricity, expanded Agile considering past technical groups, and highlighted the impression of enabling agility on the portfolio administration degree.

The Scaled Agile Framework’s newest variant, SAFe®, was formally revealed on January 7, 2020. With a specific concentrate on enterprise and organizational agility, SAFe® breaks out of the enterprise’s know-how and software program sectors and embraces agility throughout all group areas.  SAFe® has matured as a number one Agile -scaling framework, and it constantly enhances, consolidates the newest analysis, and responds to enter and suggestions from its prospects and companions.

Key Highlights of New SAFe® 5:

  • An improved Huge Image higher emphasizes circulate and steady supply
  • Implementing SAFe®  to hardware growth expedites the supply of cyber-physical techniques
  • New path round DevSecOps technical expertise and instruments higher controls the fixed supply pipeline
  • Broader demand for making use of Lean-Agile approaches to enterprise domains helps enterprise agility
  • Built-in participatory budgeting promotes a dynamic and collaborative technique of allotting funds to worth streams
  • Patterns and behaviours for planning groups and ARTs simplifies designing round worth

Why was an Replace required?

International markets and the present tempo of technological innovation have pressured organizations to rework and compete. The present enterprise fashions, organizational hierarchy, and know-how infrastructure cannot sustain with its must adapt. Agile product supply is not sufficient. It will assist if you happen to had enterprise agility. 

What’s enterprise agility?

Enterprise agility permits us to develop alternatives by empowering us to make clever choices, allocate cash, and align the suitable individuals to do the work. Enterprise agility happens when the complete group makes use of Lean and Agile practices to constantly and proactively produce revolutionary enterprise options faster than the competitors.

With path from SAFe®, it’s straightforward to win within the digital age. However the framework by itself can’t set up the transformation; it requires groups and leaders to make it occur. When agility penetrates your group, it may rapidly adapt to new macro circumstances within the trade. What is required is to reconfigure teams and redeploy expertise in response to altering enterprise wants. In brief: thrive in fast-moving markets.

What’s the Scaled Agile Framework® (SAFe®)?

Scaled Agile Framework or SAFe® is a promptly accessible stream of data that helps practitioners obtain their purpose to include Agile practices on the organizational degree. It offers a seamless light-weight expertise for the complete software program growth group.

There are three totally different segments of the SAfe® framework

  1. Crew
  2. Program
  3. Portfolio

SAFe® additionally consists of;

  1. A Design that satisfies the wants and necessities of every stakeholder related to the challenge
  2. Lean and Agile ideas
  3. A great deal of path for work at Worth Stream, program, group and the group Portfolio

Why use SAFe®?

Scaled Agile Framework is immensely lighter in weight and extra easy than any of its opponents. And but, it may tackle essentially the most advanced and most important worth streams and deal with essentially the most advanced system growth being executed out there at the moment.

If carried out on an Agile Framework, the next are the benefits that your group, challenge, and the corporate can maintain.

  1. High quality will develop by greater than 50%
  2. Worker dedication and job satisfaction would improve
  3. Well timed supply to market will get a lift as much as 75%
  4. Productiveness is enhanced by 50%.

When Ought to We Use SAFe®?

  1. When implementing an agile method persistently throughout extra widespread, cross-cultural group applications and portfolios, the group is concerned in implementing a sublime system.
  2. When groups are thinking about working independently
  3. When you’re trying to scale Agile over your group, however are grappling with regulating to attain uniform or constant method past departments.
  4. A number of groups attempting Agile implementation however continuously dealing with hindrances, obstacles, and breakdowns
  5. Scaling Agile throughout the group however not sure what totally different roles could also be required or what current features should change
  6. A corporation needs to enhance its product growth lead time and perceive how different organizations have achieved success in scaling Agile with SAFe®.

Is the Scaled Agile Framework Completely different From Its Rivals within the Market?

Various factors set it aside from each competitor out there.

  1. It offers light-weight, moderately verified outcomes which can be particular to the extent
  2. Provides worthwhile extensions to straightforward agile practices
  3. It offers a complete understanding of software program enchancment
  4. Provides steady or fixed suggestions on high quality and refinement
  5. Obtainable in a extremely approachable and usable type
  6. It’s brazenly accessible and free to make use of
  7. It commonly/repeatedly modifies/maintains essentially the most commonly used agile practices
  8. Grounds agile practices to an enterprise context
  9. Visibility or transparency is extra on all ranges.

Overview of Seven Core Competencies

SAFe® 5 dwells on the Seven Core Competencies of the Lean Enterprise. These competencies mix two utterly new competencies (Organizational Agility and Steady Studying Tradition). A number of subsequent competencies contribute to data, expertise, and behaviors, enabling enterprises to ship enterprise agility:

  1. The Lean-Agile Management competency describes how Lean-Agile Leaders inspire and promote organizational change by empowering people and groups to achieve their most potential.
  2. The Steady Studying Tradition competency outlines a set of values and practices that constantly encourage people and the enterprise to reinforce data, proficiency, efficiency, and innovation continuously.  
  3. The Crew and Technical Agility competency describes important skills and Lean-Agile ideas and practices that high-performing Agile groups use to supply high-quality resolutions for his or her prospects.  
  4. The Agile Product Supply competency is a customer-centric technique to outline, construct, and ship a relentless circulate of essential services and products to shoppers and customers.  
  5. The Enterprise Resolution Supply competency outlines implement Lean-Agile ideas and practices to the specification, growing the world’s most complete and complex software program functions, networks, and cyber-physical techniques.  
  6. The Lean Portfolio Administration competency alters plan and execution by implementing Lean considering strategies to strategize Agile portfolio operations and governance.  
  7. The Organizational Agility competency defines how Lean-thinking individuals and Agile groups optimize their enterprise strategies, type a method with particular new commitments, and instantly have the group capitalize on new alternatives.

SAFe® Configurations

SAFe® helps 4 growth setting configurations.

Important SAFe®

The Important SAFe® configuration is the basic constructing block for all SAFe® preparations and is essentially the most easy place to begin for implementation. This competency builds on the insurance policies and practices discovered within the Lean-Agile Management, Crew and Technical Agility, and the Agile Product Supply competencies. SAFe is anchored by an organizational construction referred to as the Agile Launch Practice (ART), the place Agile groups and important stakeholders are devoted to a significant, ongoing resolution mission.

Giant Resolution SAFe®

The Giant Resolution SAFe®  configuration contains the Enterprise Resolution Supply competency, which inspires constructing the most important and most advanced options that demand varied ARTs and Suppliers however don’t require portfolio-level concerns. Such resolution growth is typical for aerospace and defence, automotive, and authorities industries, the place the big resolution—not portfolio governance—is the first concern. The Resolution Practice organizational assemble helps enterprises with essentially the most notable challenges—constructing large-scale, multidisciplinary software program, hardware, cyber-physical, and sophisticated IT techniques. Creating these options requires totally different roles, artifacts, occasions, and coordination.

Portfolio SAFe®

The Portfolio SAFe®  configuration is essentially the most miniature set of competencies and strategies that may finally allow enterprise agility, as intimated by the blue ‘Enterprise Agility’ bar on the prime. This bar additionally incorporates a hyperlink to Measure & Develop for steering on managing SAFe®  enterprise agility assessments. Portfolio SAFe®  accommodates two further competencies, Organizational Agility and Lean Portfolio Administration, exceeding the three core competencies of Important SAFe®. Lean Portfolio Administration adjusts portfolio execution to enterprise technique and organizes growth across the circulate of worth by means of a number of worth streams. Group Agility extends Lean considering and apply all through the enterprise and permits technique agility. Steady Studying Tradition describes how everybody within the group learns collectively, relentlessly improves, and builds innovation into the tradition. Along with the competencies, Portfolio SAFe®  offers ideas and practices for portfolio technique and funding funding, Agile portfolio operations, and Lean governance.

Full SAFe®

Full SAFe®  is essentially the most in depth configuration, together with all seven core competencies wanted for enterprise agility. The world’s most in depth enterprises usually use it to take care of portfolios of huge and sophisticated options.

SAFe®  Lean-Agile Rules

SAFe®  has ten everlasting, underlying Lean-Agile ideas. These techniques inform the roles and practices of SAFe®.

Take an financial view

Addressing essentially the most high-grade worth and high quality for individuals and society within the shortest sustainable lead-time requires a elementary understanding of constructing techniques’ economics. The SAFe®  framework highlights the trade-offs between threat, Price of Delay (CoD), manufacturing, operational, and growth prices. Furthermore, each growth worth stream should function throughout the context of an permitted finances and be compliant with the guardrails which help decentralized decision-making.

Apply techniques considering

The office challenges and the marketplace calls for data of the techniques inside which staff and customers work. Such techniques are difficult, they usually include many interrelated segments. To replace, everybody should perceive the broader goal of the system.  In SAFe®, techniques considering helps the event of the group that builds the system.

Assume variability

Conventional design and life cycle practices help in selecting a person design-and-requirements choice early within the growth course of. If the start line proves to be the inaccurate selection, then future preparations take amazingly lengthy and result in a suboptimal design. A extra reliable path is to handle a number of necessities, and empirical information is assumed to slender the main focus, leading to a format that generates optimum financial outcomes.

Construct incrementally with quick, built-in studying cycles

Creating options incrementally in a sequence of small iterations enable for extra rapid buyer suggestions and mitigates threat. Subsequent increments construct on the earlier ones. Because the ‘system at all times runs,’ some increments could function prototypes for market testing and validation; others turn into minimal viable merchandise (MVPs). Nonetheless, others prolong the system to new and worthwhile performance.  This early suggestions helps decide when to vary to an alternate motion course.

Base milestones on an goal analysis of working techniques

Enterprise homeowners, builders, and prospects have a distributed duty to ensure that funding within the newest options will profit economically. The sequential, phase-gate growth mannequin meets this problem, however expertise proves that it doesn’t lower threat as anticipated. In Lean-Agile growth, integration options present goal milestones to judge the answer throughout the growth life cycle. Common analysis gives monetary, technical, and fitness-for-purpose governance to make sure that a progressive funding will ship a proportionate return.

Visualize and restrict WIP, cut back batch sizes, and handle queue lengths

Lean enterprises endeavour to perform a state of steady motion, the place new system inclinations transfer swiftly and visibly from idea to money.

Keys to implementing circulate are  

  • Envision and prohibit the amount of labor in course of (WIP).  
  • Overcome the batch sizes of labor to expedite quick and extra steady circulate.  
  • Handle queue lengths to lower the delay intervals for brand new performance.

Apply cadence, synchronize with cross-domain planning

Cadence creates predictability and executes a rhythm for growth. Synchronization induces diverse viewpoints to be understood, solved and built-in on the identical time. Implementing growth cadence and synchronization, joined with periodic cross-domain planning, offers the mechanisms required to operate effectively within the proximity of the inherent growth ambiguity.

Unlock the intrinsic motivation of information staff

Lean-Agile leaders acknowledge that creativity, innovation, and worker dedication aren’t usually triggered by particular person incentive compensation. Such private causes can create inside competitors and destroy the cooperation essential to attain the system’s bigger goal. Implementing autonomy and goal, lowering constraints, producing an setting of mutual affect, and higher understanding compensation’s function is vital to greater worker engagement ranges. This process yields extra fascinating outcomes for individuals, prospects, and the group.

Decentralize decision-making

Acquiring fast worth supply necessitates decentralized decision-making. This subdues delays, will increase product growth circulate, permits extra instantaneous suggestions, and generates extra revolutionary options devised by these closest to the native data. Nevertheless, some decisions are important, world, and have economies of scale that justify centralized decision-making. Since each forms of choices happen, producing a strong decision-making framework is crucial in guaranteeing a fast circulate of worth.

Set up round worth

Many organizations at the moment revolve round ideas developed over the past century. Within the digital age, the one sustainable aggressive benefit is the tempo with which a company can reply to its prospects’ wants with new and revolutionary options. Enterprise Agility calls for that enterprises construct round worth to ship extra rapidly. And when market and buyer wishes change, the enterprise should seamlessly and rapidly reorganize round that new worth circulate.

Selecting the Greatest Suited Agile framework

There are quite a few Agile frameworks like Scrum, Kanban, XP, Crystal, FDD, and many others., to ponder companies with varied groups engaged on an similar product. However usually, essentially the most glorious resolution is one which compounds greatest practices from diverse scaling frameworks. The reality is, organizational leaders should method Agile as a course of that’s tailor-made to suit the wants moderately than a dormant resolution.

SAFe®  vs. [email protected]

The Scaled Agile Framework

The Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe® ) is essentially the most profitable and common framework for scaling Scrum in large organizations. It’s important to notice that SAFe®  is meant to accommodate DevOps, a course of continuously deemed for future-proof Agile organizations.

SAFe®  is a technique that describes a extremely structured framework to embrace and have interaction an Agile worth stream in an enterprise setting. It’s most fascinating for big organizations to retain as a lot organizational and course of construction as doable whereas reaping the benefits of a decentralized Agile technique. SAFe®  just isn’t as effectively customizable as Scrum at Scale, so an in-depth interpretation of worth creation processes is crucial for planning an Agile transition course of utilizing this framework.

[email protected]

Scrum at Scale, created by Dr. Jeff Sutherland and Alex Brown, is the latest addition to Agile scaling frameworks and was publicly launched at Agile 2014 in Orlando. Therefore, it’s comparatively untested and undocumented in comparison with SAFe®, making it much less appropriate for in depth enterprise adoption. To be particular, it is a modular technique to scaling the well-known Scrum framework.  

Scrum at Scale can help scaling the framework. It’s a manageable resolution for organizations of all sizes. [email protected] is a working mannequin and skeleton inside which Scrum groups’ networks work persistently with the Scrum Information and may method difficult large-scale issues and productively ship merchandise of excessive worth. [email protected] extends the core Scrum framework to ship hyper-productive outcomes throughout organizations.  

The [email protected] construction is definitely manageable however laborious to grasp. It’s made up of two cycles, the Scrum Grasp cycle and Product Proprietor cycle, and 12 elements essential to execute Scrum at scale.

SAFe®  vs. Giant-Scale Scrum (LeSS)

Scaled Agile Framework

SAFe®  performs flawlessly in organizations with a number of hundred groups. Therefore, it’s an distinctive framework for giant firms. It offers these companies with a extremely dependable technique for outlining, efficiency, and supply by means of Agile Launch Trains.    

ARTs work on a gradual circulate of Program Increments lasting from eight to 12 weeks. Every Increment begins with a cross-functional group devising periods to acknowledge what they’ll current, and this helps to determine and tackle cross-team dependencies and doable hindrances.

Advantages of SAFe®

  1. Assists in resolving issues on enterprise features, which different Agile frameworks fail to handle  
  2. Groups carry out on the highest worth within the least period of time    
  3. Synchronization throughout a number of groups reduces scaling points  
  4. Excellent help by means of academic coaching programs and role-based certifications  
  5. SAFe®  separates enterprise methods into actions, then options, then tales of labor on the group degree, and maps the pathway.

Drawbacks of SAFe®

The implementation pathway is required to be tweaked to satisfy the necessities of your group. Affiliation with economic-driven Lean growth would display challenges from a cultural side.

SAFe®  is a complete resolution that discusses not solely group agility but in addition portfolio and enterprise agility. Due to this fact, it is a wonderful choice for corporations to attain complete enterprise agility with a extremely disciplined method to deliverables.

Giant Scale Scrum (LeSS)

LeSS is the large-scale implementation of important ideas and parts of Scrum past cross-cultural groups. A essential attribute of LeSS contains redirecting group consciousness over the complete group. Nevertheless, fulfilling this will show to be the principal obstacle to scaling.    

LeSS consists of a few frameworks:    

  • Together with eight groups    
  • It additionally estimates for greater than eight groups. 

Each frameworks are reliant profoundly upon the Product Proprietor.  LeSS Big contains Product Homeowners that function amidst their smaller areas. For leaders who comply with Lean Economics, LeSS might be more practical as a consequence of its significance on techniques considering, doing extra with LeSS, and queuing concept.

Advantages of LeSS

  1. Snug and versatile as a consequence of its Scrum origins    
  2. Units extra pressure on system-wide considering    
  3. Parks extra Locus on a product ideally than a challenge    
  4. Massively reliant on a single Product Proprietor and backlog

Limitations of LeSS

  1. Scaling solely works for a company which has an intensive Scrum basis    
  2. LeSS is shaped round Scrum and isn’t a simple extension of different methodologies.    
  3. A single Product Proprietor could try to manage a number of groups

Select the Most Acceptable Agile framework.

There are quite a few assorted Agile frameworks to think about for organizations which have various groups working on related merchandise. However usually, to get the perfect outcomes, the perfect practices from totally different scaling frameworks are merged. The reality is, organizational leaders should take into account Agile as a course of they tailor to swimsuit their necessities moderately than an inert resolution. Hopefully, this SAFe®  vs LeSS comparability makes your decision-making course of somewhat extra comfy.

SAFe®  vs Spotify

Spotify: a light-weight framework

In contrast to SAFe®, the Spotify mannequin just isn’t thought of an intensive toolbox. The Spotify mannequin contributes a comparatively light-weight framework that stresses the need to generate many interactions to restrict the silo facet shaped by groups.

It will be important to find out how each group should work in a regular manner or have 100% freedom offered to the teams. Furthermore, the Spotify mannequin doesn’t ship any resolution to manage the Portfolio like SAFe®. We might affiliate the Spotify mannequin’s philosophy with Scrum, as it’s a light-weight framework wherein the groups must produce the small print.

SAFe®  a heavy framework

SAFe®  extends a complete and full framework. Consultants view it as a framework that’s too detailed. So, the query that arises is: Is SAFe®  an agile framework? 

SAFe®  empowers to work, to coordinate, to coach, to place in place its processes whether or not it fits the group or not. It’s therefore an entire resolution. In contrast to the Spotify mannequin, all the pieces is already mounted, and solely an professional might be anticipated to have the creativeness to enhance it.

Challenges of scaling agile ideas and practices

The Scaled Agile Framework discusses the obstacles encountered when scaling agile past a single group.  SAFe®  helps collaboration, coordination, and supply throughout an enormous variety of agile groups.

This framework leverages three main our bodies of information:

  1. Agile software program methodological growth  
  2. Lean product methodological growth  
  3. System considering

Hurdles in Scaling Agile

There are a number of hurdles that a company faces when it’s required to scale agile ideas and practices.

Long run planning absence 

The event group implementing agile ideas often enhances/improves their product backlog to 2 to 3 iterations.  

In large organizations, the product advertising group wish to launch the merchandise out there, and the groups would carry out at a high-level roadmap of 12-18 months. They then cooperate on plans for 3 months of labor.  

The agile growth groups would refine product backlog for 2-Three iterations and have detailed activity plans prepared, and sometimes new modifications are restricted to the next iterations.

Lack of agile practices

The agile growth groups function throughout the framework to assist decide be elegant, however work is poor for agile strategies on the administration degree. 

The cross-functional items that may handle difficult ranges of accountability and planning are lacking.

Delegated authority dealing with

Within the Scrum framework, the Product Proprietor accepts the product life cycle’s cost accompanied by funding return.  The Product Proprietor is absolutely accountable for the completion/ efficiency of the product. 

On a big scale, there’s a requirement to have a view of a number of group backlogs. A Product Supervisor is often accountable for controlling a number of group backlogs. There’s nonetheless a barrier because the Product Proprietor is separated from the event of the group.

Lack of synchronization

Agile frameworks present freedom to growth groups to create their methods of labor. There are a whole bunch of growth groups at a big scale, and it proves to be a hurdle for the groups to be fully self-organized.  

The self-organized groups working on similar merchandise will face a problem to synchronize their deliverables and ship them collectively.

Absence of Innovation

With giant organizations working in agile, a necessity arises for a further iteration after a launch that improves their practices. This assists in planning for the subsequent planning increment.  

A big-scale agile mannequin additionally requires testing all the pieces that’s working concurrently until the top.  

SAFe®  is a framework that helps organizations to deal with the obstacles they face whereas scaling agile and lean. To make use of the Scaled Agile Framework successfully, it’s important to know and perceive its ideas.


SAFe® brings the mandatory modifications required for organizations to develop and never lose their core focus, i.e. prospects. Firms can now create worth streams for his or her total progress with enterprise agility moderately than every division individually.

The 2 new core competencies will enable the organizations to create a studying tradition to advertise fixed enchancment in revolutionary options, efficiency, and progress and alter or adapt methods in keeping with the change in market tendencies. General, SAFe® brings the principle focus again into the image with out dropping it within the hierarchical construction of organizations.

Frameworks like SAFe®  present a viable choice for serving to companies obtain their enterprise outcomes: Jira, an enterprise agile planning platform, is constructed for SAFe®. Jira can enhance visibility, strategic alignment, and enterprise adaptability to speed up your digital transformation.